New English-Irish Dictionary
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scratch

verb
noun
adjective
phrases
verb
1 verb relieve itch, irritation
TRANSITIVEtochais verbshe scratched the back of her neck thochais sí cuing a muinílthe cat scratched himself thochais an cat é féinmonkeys scratch themselves against trees bíonn moncaithe á dtochas féin ar chrainn
INTRANSITIVEtú féin a thochashe's always scratching bíonn sé i gcónaí á thochas féin
2 verb scrape with sth sharp INTRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m ua cat could scratch d'fhéadfadh cat tú a scríobadhthe dog scratched at the door bhí an madra ag scríobadh an dorais
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3 verb make a harsh noise TRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m uscrábáil verb  c m uthe sound of my pen scratching the paper scrábáil mo phinn ar an bpáipéarnails scratching the blackboard ingní ag scríobadh ar an gclár dubh 4 verb especially ZOOL rake the ground INTRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m uthe hens scratched around in the earth bhí na cearca ag scríobadh sa chréafóg, bhí na cearca ag cartadh na créafóige 5 verb seek, search for INTRANSITIVEto scratch for sth bheith sa tóir ar rud, bheith ar lorg ruda, bheith ag tóraíocht rudathey're all scratching for jobs tá siad ar fad sa tóir ar phoistI went scratching around in the files chuaigh mé ag tóraíocht sna comhaid, chuaigh mé ag póirseáil sna comhaid 6 verb write
INTRANSITIVEscrábáil verb  c m uthe artist was scratching away on the canvas bhí an t-ealaíontóir ag scrábáil leis ar an gcanbhás
TRANSITIVEscrábáil verb  c m uhe scratched a brief note scrábáil sé nóta gairid
7 verb cut
TRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m uI was scratched by a nail scríob tairne mé
INTRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m u
8 verb mark TRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m uwatch you don't scratch the car seachain nach scríobfá an gluaisteán 9 verb be damaged by being scratched INTRANSITIVEit doesn't scratch or burn ní féidir é a scríobadh ná a dhóthe wooden tiles scratch easily is furasta na tíleanna adhmaid a scríobadh 10 verb etch TRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m ugrean verb  c m ushe scratched her name on the wall scríob sí a hainm ar an mballa 11 verb (also scratch off, scratch out) cross or rub out TRANSITIVEscríob verb  c m uscrios verb  c m uher name was scratched out scríobadh amach a hainm, scriosadh amach a hainmwhen you scratch away the paint nuair a scríobann tú ar shiúl an phéint, nuair a scríobann tú an phéint de 12 verb remove from list etc TRANSITIVEbain verb  c m uwe'll scratch them from the list bainfimid den liosta iad, glanfaimid den liosta iad 13 verb abandon, ignore TRANSITIVEcuir ar cealthat plan has been scratched tá an plean sin caite i gcártaíthe flight was scratched cuireadh an eitilt ar cealscratch that last comment ná bac leis an ráiteas deiridh sin, ná tabhair aon aird ar an ráiteas deiridh sin 14 verb SPOR withdraw from race, competition etc
TRANSITIVEtarraing amach  c m uhis horse was scratched from the race tarraingíodh a chapall as an rás
INTRANSITIVEtarraing amach  c m utarraing as PhrV  c m ushe scratched from the race tharraing sí amach as an rás
15 verb ELECTRON, MUS manipulate a record INTRANSITIVE & TRANSITIVEscrabh verb  c m u
noun
16 noun act of scratching the skintochas masc1  c m ugive it a good scratch déan é a thochas go maithto have a scratch tú féin a thochas 17 noun act of scratching a surfacescríobadh mascthe coating protects the lens against scratches cosnaíonn an brat an lionsa in aghaidh scríobthaí 18 noun soundscríobadh masc 19 noun shallow cut scríobadh mascgearradh masc  c m ushe had scratches and bruises on her legs bhí scríobthaí agus brúnna ar a cosa, bhí a cosa scríobtha agus brúitehe got away without a scratch an marc féin ní raibh air, níor chaill sé clúmh ná cleite, níor bhain béim chreabhair dó 20 noun thin markscríobadh mascscríob fem  c m uthere's a large scratch on the back of it tá scríobadh mór ar a chúlthe scratches can be polished is féidir na scríobhthaí a shnasúscratch mark lorg scríbe, marc scríobtha 21 noun ELECTRON, MUS manipulation of recordscrabhadh masc  c m u 22 noun SPOR no odds or handicapscríob fem  c m uto play off scratch imirt ón scríob
modifierscríbescratch golfer galfaire scríbe
adjective
23 adjective also SPOR, MUS thrown togetherthey put a scratch team together chuir siad foireann le chéile ar ala na huairewe ate a scratch meal d'itheamar béile a caitheadh le chéile as a raibh de bhia faoinár lámh
phrases

from scratch

ón túsón mbonnthey have to start from scratch caithfidh siad tosú ón tús ar fadshe made it herself from scratch í féin a rinne é ó bhonn

to scratch a living

he's just about scratching a living níl sé ach ag saothrú a choda ar éigean, ar éigean atá sé ag coinneáil greim faoin bhfiacail

scratch a ... and you'll find a ...

scratch a liar and you'll find a thief is beag idir an bréagadóir agus an gadaí, is gearr ón mbréag í an ghadaíocht

to scratch each other's backs

the rich always scratch each other's backs ar mhaithe lena chéile a bhíonn lucht an airgid i gcónaí, ag cuimilt meala ar a chéile a bhíonn na bodaigh i gcónaí

to scratch your head

he was left scratching his head bhí sé i ngalar na gcás, ní raibh a fhios aige sa diabhal céard a dhéanfadh sé, ní raibh aige ach bheith ag tochas a chinn

to scratch sb's eyes out

they were scratching their eyes out bhí sé ina réabadh eatarthu, bhí sé ina chath na bpunann eatarthu, bhí siad ag tóch na súl as a chéile

to scratch the surface

1 be in early stages of explorationwe're only scratching the surface as far as this problem is concerned níl an scéal seo ach ina thús, níl croí na faidhbe seo aimsithe ar chor ar bith againn fós, tá an scéal seo i bhfad níos measa ná is léir go dtí seo 2 investigate more closelyyou don't need to scratch the surface too far to realise there's a problem there níl ort dul ródhomhain isteach sa scéal lena thuiscint go bhfuil fadhb ann, is fánach an fiosrú a dhéanfá nuair a d'fheicfeá go bhfuil fadhb ann

up to scratch

sách maithmaith go leorsásúilhis teaching skills aren't up to scratch níl a chuid scileanna teagaisc sách maith, níl a chuid scileanna teagaisc thar mholadh beirte

you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours

an té a thabharfadh gal dom, thabharfainnse gal dódéan gar domsa agus déanfaidh mise gar duitsebí go maith domsa agus roinnfidh mise an chóir leat